First erected in 1755 during the reign of the #Qianlong Emperor, the original #pavilion was made from a base of large #stone blocks which supported a wooden #superstructure done in a #traditional#Chinese design. In 1860, during the Second Opium War, the pavilion was destroyed by Anglo-French forces. It was restored in 1893 on order of Empress Dowager #Cixi , and a new two-storey superstructure incorporated elements of #European#architecture . Like its predecessor, the new superstructure is made out of #wood but it was painted to imitate #marble . On each "deck", there is a large #mirror to reflect the waters of the lake and give an impression of total #immersion in the #aquatic environment. Imitation #paddlewheels on each side of the pavilion makes it look like a paddle steamer. The pavilion has a sophisticated drainage system which channels rain water through 4 hollow pillars. The water is finally released into the lake through the mouths of 4 #dragonheads .
The boat design of the pavilion may relate to a quote attributed to Wei Zheng, a Tang dynasty chancello, who told Emperor Taizong that "the waters that float the boat can also swallow it", implying that the people can support the emperor but can also topple him. With this in mind, the Qianlong Emperor might have chosen to construct the Marble Boat on a solid stone base to indicate that the Qing dynasty was not to be overthrown.
The Marble Boat is often seen as an ironic commentary on the fact that the money used to restore the Summer Palace largely came from funds originally earmarked for building up a new imperial navy. The controller of the Admiralty, Prince Chun, owed much of his social standing as well as his appointment to Empress Dowager Cixi, who had adopted his eldest son, Zaitian, and enthroned him as the Guangxu Emperor. Because of this, he probably saw no other choice than to condone the embezzlement.
Palácio de verão em Pequim, onde a família imperial passava os verões atrás de um clima mais ameno. Nas fotos alguns de seus principais pontos: Suzhou Market street, o Barco de Mármore, o Longo Corredor e a Torre do Incenso Budista. Mas tem muito mais (e muito mais fotos 😆)
The Summer Palace, in Beijing, where the imperial family used to spend summers looking for cooler temperatures. The pictures show some of its main points: The Suzhou Market street, the Marble Boat, the Long Corridor, and the Tower of Buddhist Incense. But there are many more (and many more pictures 😆)
81816 June, 2019
This is the Boat of Purity and Peace- formerly known as the Marble Boat. The top floor had large mirrors for the Empress to view the rain, while the bottom floor was used for parties!
61215 June, 2019
Happy Birthday to my oh so beautiful mother, @dblcha! Last year for her birthday, I gave her a trip to China. Sorry Mom, I don't think I'll ever be able to top that one! 🙈😆 But I'm so glad we were able to go and spend that time together doing what you taught me to love - traveling!! I was so blessed to grow up with a mom who always had an insatiable love for travel and who passed it on to me! So many of my best memories are of visiting new countries and experiencing different cultures, and I'm grateful for all the opportunities I've had to see this beautiful world we live in! My mother showed me by example how to savor every trip and appreciate the unique beauty in every place I see. What a gift she passed down! Having her as my mom is one of the greatest blessings of my life, and I am so glad I got to see her and spend time with her recently! I hope we can have more grand adventures together soon. 😊 I love you, Mom! Happy Birthday!! 😍🎉🎊🎁🍰💖
Kesäpalatsi oli miellyttävän virvoittava keidas helteisessä Pekingissä. Kun kävelimme rantaa pitkin kohti laituria, huomio kiinnittyi valtavaan marmorilaivaan (marble boat), joka nimestään huolimatta ei ole marmoria. Leskikeisarinna Cixi rakennutti tämän laivaa muistuttavan huvimajan, jonka kansi on marmorin näköiseksi maalattua puuta. #Kiina#china#peking#beijing#summerpalace#marbleboat#passportready
I like the philosophy from Wei Zheng, a prominent prime minister under the reign of Tang Dynasty..when he said, "Water can carry the boat as well as overturn it." He meant that water symbolizing the common people can support a good emperor or overthrow a bad emperor