Mothers and children by amateur photographers.
Location: Dutch East Indies.
Native colonial coloured children? Hardly to find in the Rijksmuseum Amsterdam Photo-exhibition https://www.rijksmuseum.nl/en/whats-on/exhibitions-now-on-view/everyone-a-photographer
1. A Batak village: 1920s. We count 18 children. It is realy cool to see 3 children on (European style) walking stilts. 3 Mothers: all traditional clothing. Background typical Batak architecture. Later more.
4. Unbelieveble? Nowadays .... 2019. Walking stilts in Indonesia. See : https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/Category:Stilts_in_Indonesia
The ordained pretension of the sacred charade?
In the eyes of the Javanese population regents (sultans) had an almost divine respect. And sure one thing to notice are these pride posing royal children in the kraton. We recognize the descriptions of court physician J. Groneman of the idealized and romantic 19th century Javanese culture in the kraton of Yogyakarta. Next time photo’s of his native friend and photographer Kassian Cephas. Found in his inheritance. (photo 8)
1. 1890 Photo in the lush surroundings of the kraton. With a decor - background European - and royal appearance
7. Fragment. 8. Rebabpplayer. An ornately carved bowed spike-lute chordophone used in the Javanese and Balinese gamelan. Fragment
9. Inheritence (boedel) label J. Groneman. Photo’s Kassian Cephas 1892.
Fashion and Dutch East Indies photography.
Special attention: 1910 see : https://youtu.be/2KXz2Dh86DI Gerebeg Moeloed, #streetlife and #fashion Solo. Eye Amsterdam.
Vanaf maandag start de Global Movement Fashion Revolution Week 2019. Een week waarin iedereen wordt opgeroepen om met zijn of haar favoriete kledingstuk een selfie te nemen en het betreffende kledingmerk op Instagram te plaatsen #whomademyclothes . Mode is voor Ashna Chhatta (1984) (photo 3) - personal shopper en ethical fashion-stylist - en ons op Instagram meer dan er alleen leuk uitzien. Het is ook een vorm van antropologie en filosofie. Hoe je je je kleedt, vertelt iets over je leven, je (sub-)cultuur, hoe je je tot anderen verhoudt in onze koloniale geschiedenis. https://www.volkskrant.nl/mensen/we-hebben-echt-minder-kleding-nodig-dan-we-kopen~bb1ea892/
We geloven - met #reggiebaay (2018) - ‘dat (onze Indische: roosmec) geschiedenissen voor altijd zullen blijven rondzwerven’. Soms ‘losbandig’ genieten en - innig (financieel) verbonden met het koloniale bewind - van wat er te genieten valt? Zoals PBX. Geschiedenissen uit Nederlands Indie dalen neer als verhalen en foto’s. En worden gehoord en gezien op Instagram.
Photo 1. Solo ( #surakarta ). Kraton. 1930s gelatin silver photograph. Susuhunan Pakoeboewono X (Pakubuwana X) (1866 - 1939) and family with resident and family and assistent-residents of Solo. The dress of the susuhan a proof of his status, financial, legal and religious capacity. Next time a photo wit his batik sarong decorated with the royal parang rusak (“broken blade”) pattern. And with his extremely rich decorated dagger called kris. On our photo today a glimp of his formal European style grousers, jacket and lots of medals.
Photo 2. 1895. Indo girls. Photographer: Charls & Van Es & Co. Carte De Visite.
Photo 3. Ashna Chhatta (1984) wil dat consumenten het echte verhaal achter kleding kennen. Beeld Katja Poelwi. #volkskrant
Een jongeman van Nederlands-Indische komaf ontleende zijn lijfspreuk aan Napoleon: ‘Activité… Activité… Vitesse...’ Hij dwong bewondering af door zijn energie, uitstraling, succes bij vrouwen en exuberante leefstijl, als een Indische Great Gatsby. Journalist en persmagnaat Dominique Berretty (1891-1934) doorbrak als Indische jongen, geboren in Djokjakarta, de ‘kleurbarrière’ van het voormalige Nederlands-Indië en hield in het begin van de twintigste eeuw met zijn persbureau Aneta de kolonie in zijn greep.
Photo 1. Gerard Termorshuizen en Coen van ’t Veer: Een groots en meeslepend leven. Dominique Berretty - Indisch persmagnaat. Walburg Pers, 287 blz.
In 1894 Dutch troops captured the royal palace on the Indonesian island of Lombok. The native inhabitants had enlisted the help of the Netherlands, which used this as an excuse to further its colonial expansion. The troops took 230 kilograms of gold, 7000 of silver, and countless gemstones as booty. The scorched coins and bracelets on display are silent witnesses of the atrocities of war. Most of the ‘Lombok Treasure’ was returned to Indonesia in 1977.
On loan from the Museum Volkenkunde.
On display in room 1.17 Rijksmuseum Amsterdam
Research Theme 2017-2020 ‘How might these ‘accidental refugees’ (Indo’s roosmec) write a different history of Europe?’ https://www.materialculture.nl/en/research/themes/states-migration
Not all amateurphoto’s made on the tropical islands are documentary or recording or family kiekjes (snapshots) or construction works for civil engineering. We show you on Instagram - from the second half of the 19th century on - colonial artistic work. Made by explorers, scientists, sailors, soldiers, engineers or civil engineers, colonists, hunters, travellers.
In Paris - museum Guimet - an exhibition (2017) : 19th century colonial artistic vintage photograpy. (photo 10). Not in Rijksmuseum Amsterdam https://www.rijksmuseum.nl/en/whats-on/exhibitions-now-on-view/everyone-a-photographer
1. Borobudur. 1926. Photographer : prof. Dr C.J. Rumke. Other names are known.
2. Sumatra. 1890. Plantation. Unknown amateur: construction works or destroying tropical natur.
3. Houses of the Wedono (native districtruler on Java). 1904. KNIL everywhere active: Tjimahi. Unknown photographer.
4. Gorontalo bay. Sailing ships Celebes (Sulawesi) 1910th
5. Found in an album (1926) from Dr Stehn volcano researcher. Early influences of the New Photography, as a wide scale and attention to textures and dynamic compositions are visuable in this Bali Legong photo.
6. Industrial oil area. Sumatra native workers.
7. 1913. Wilhelmina Top. Papua New Guinea. Photographer P.F. Hubrechts.
8. Medan. Railwaystation. Betjaks 1910.
9. Bali. Female working class hero. 1920th.
10. Images from Birma in museum Guimet Paris. http://www.guimet.fr/francais/expositions/images-birmanes-tresors-photographiques-du-mnaag/
The Musée National des arts asiatiques – Guimet [National Museum of Asian Arts – Guimet] set in Paris 16th arrondissement, dedicates a large exhibition to the photographs taken by Jean-Baptiste Huynh. To visit from February 20 to May 20, 2019.
Jean-Baptiste Huynh (born in 1966) has had the same camera for the past thirty years. And the same protocol: he always put some distance between the subject and the camera and only has one source of light. His entire studio can fit in a small piece of luggage… This is why he travels the world easily, meeting unknown faces whose beauty touch him at the bend of a market or a railway station.
En savoir plus sur https://www.sortiraparis.com/arts-culture/exposure/articles/182829-jean-baptiste-huynh-the-exhibition-at-paris-musee-guimet/lang/en #3E0EtQ480wRrseTl .99
1870, 80% of the European population in the Indies was considered Eurasian; in 1900, this was 67%. (Bosma 2005 and Bosma and others 2006). ‘...... slowly but surely the Indies were no longer seen as a colony to which one emigrated, but as a temporary residency.’ (Baay 2008) #reggiebaay Our photo is from around 1900 and gives an impression of the sharp dressed coloured European population in the Indies who were considered Eurasian or Peranakan. Not on view in the Rijksmuseum https://www.rijksmuseum.nl/en/whats-on/exhibitions-now-on-view/everyone-a-photographer
A selection: two 19th century photographes. Spotlight on: Photograph-album, 78 albumine-prints 1860th.
A few years ago we visited a Dutch ‘Antiquariaat’ and we bought a 19th century photo-album. When open and browsing, we recognized work of the photographers Isidore van Kinsbergen (1821-1905), Woodbury & Page and some others.
Our thoughts immediately went to: “A newspaper item of July 1863 states that a ’splendid photoalbum’ was ready to be dispatched to the Netherlands. The album, which until now has never been found, contained ‘portraits of the Kings and court officials of Sourakarta and Djocjokarta, views of the temple at Boro-Boddho and other photographs, all originating from Mr Kinsbergen.” Bataviaasch Handelsblad 22 July 1863. (Lit.: ‘Isidore van Kinsbergen’, page 34. 2005 #kitlv#huismarseille ). Two photographes from our album and the covers.
The 1890th and start of the 20th century: Soerabaja. Looks so different: no motor traffic on the road.
1. Natives selling food. Two Dutch women - fashion of those days - near Fort Prins Hendrik. So the handcoulered photo must be made beginning of the 20th century. (4 may 1904). Prins Hendrik is the husband of Queen Wilhelmina - amateur photographer - now in the Rijksmuseum https://www.rijksmuseum.nl/en/whats-on/exhibitions-now-on-view/everyone-a-photographer
2. Entrance to the Chinese quarters. Kembang Djepoon. Bestelgoederen Kantoor N.I.S.
3. Roode brug. Utrechtsche Levensverzekering Maatschappij
4. Willemskade. Algemeene
5. Kalimas Oost. Classic car.
6. Moskee. Missiget.
8. Sociëteitstraat. Van der Lek.
10. Brug Plampitan Aloon-Aloon Tjontong Peneleh
Photo 1. The leader of this group - in the middle - Royal Dutch East Indies Army or KNIL Moluccas (Ambon) soldiers is Hendrikus Colijn: ready for battle and attack. The sound of his historical words in our ears forever: “Ajo, orang Ambon, madjoe! Kit’orong misti ambil itoe Poeri! Leve de Koningin!” Forgotten?
Koningin is queen Wilhelmina: the amateur photographer in the exhibition in the Rijksmuseum Amsterdam. Now on view. https://www.rijksmuseum.nl/en/whats-on/exhibitions-now-on-view/everyone-a-photographer The Queen Wilhelmina never visited the colony Dutch East Indies and never was in a Poeri ........ Lit.: Hendrikus Colijn. 1987. Prof. dr. Jan Bank.
Photo 1. Location: (?) Bali 1906. Colijn and KNIL Moluccan soldiers: all decorated. Colijn (1869 - 1944). Five times Prime Minister of the Netherlands.
Photo 2. Idem.
Photo 3. idem
Photo 4. Location: Batavia 1893. Photographer: Woodbury & Page. Cabinetphoto. (Probably). Colijn and his wife Helena Groenberg.
Photo 5. Location: Batavia 1890th. Photographer: Woodbury & Page. Cabinetphoto. (Probably). Joannes Benedictus van Heutsz (1851 – 1924) lieutenant General Royal Dutch East Indies Army or KNIL.
A selection of three 19th century photographes. Spotlight on Paris 1889 Fourth (Colonial) World’s Exposition. The first two 19th-century photographs offers an unique and first-hand impression of Javanese native young girls (no slaves) #slaveryroos working abroad as seen through the eyes of a Western photographer. Location : Paris, Esplanade des Invalides, Ie village or kampong Javanais. Also 57 natives from Preanger Regentschappen, Batavia, Bantam and the kraton Soerakarta (Solo) en Yogyakarta.
Photo 1. Paris 1889. Kampong Javanais. Yogya-dancing-girls : Thamina (Damina or Djamina), Wakiem, Seliem (or Sariem) and Soekia. The eldest : 16 years. The youngest 12 or 13 years. Handcoloured: paint has crackle effect. (photo 7,8).
Photo 2. Idem. Black and white.
Photo 3. Paris 1889. Dutch girls. Traditional clothing
Photo 4,5,6. Palais de Trocadero. Paris 19th century. https://www.worldfairs.info/expopavillondetails.php?expo_id=6&pavillon_id=1011 ‘Kampong Javanais’ and famous visitors and Javanese influences. - Huib Luns. Father of our minister of Foreign Affaires Joseph Luns.
- The painter Paul Gauguin bought some photographes from Isidore van Kinsbergen. Same photographs of the Borobudur - reliëfs - in our collections. We noticed - more is coming - the buddhist influence of these 19th century photographes on Gauguins - worlwide famous - paintings.
- The writer Emile Zola,
- The composer Claude Debussy was inspirered by gamelanmusic. Java Suite - Godowsky (complete) Claude Debussy - Erik Satie and #gamelan . 3 Gymnopédies, 6 Gnossiennes -D: https://m.youtube.com/watch?v=oaAZwFFjqpA
- Heineken beer got the Grand Prix.
- Composer Ravel was fascinated by the musical scale of Javanes gamelan music. Piano: La Vallée des choches and Laideronette, imperatrice des pagodes.
Three photo’s: Papua New Guinea. Different times, different moments.
Hardly any snow this winter in the Netherlands. So we are searching elswhere ....... In 1909 Van Nouhuys and Lorentz - expedition leader - became the first ever to set foot on ‘snow in the tropics’ of New Guinea. Jan Willem van Nouhuys - amateur geologist - was the captain of the Navy Ship ‘Zeeleeuw’. The First South New Guinea Expedition was in 1907 and the Second New Guinea Expedition in 1909. We see - for the fist time - the above eternal snowline in the central highlands of New Guinea: the top of the Wilhelmina Mountain. Nowadays : Puncak Trikora.
No Papua New Guinea photo’s in the Rijksmuseum https://www.rijksmuseum.nl/en/whats-on/exhibitions-now-on-view/everyone-a-photographer
1. The amateur photographer: geologist Paul François Hubrecht. Our photo was made in 1913 during the Third South New Guinea Expedition.
2. 1943. Location near Giropa point. Japanese Zero plane shot down.
3. 1943. Location near Buna Mission. Coconut grove showing how trees are cut and demolished by bullets, bombs and bombshells. The native in foreground has a child on his shoulder and an American Army canteen hung on his belt.
Artificially ageless 📸
We just ♥️ the divergent work of Erwin Blumenfeld. The German photographer is a real classic old-timer in both its glance, character, style and ‘age’, already gaining widespread recognition in the early twentieth century.
His long spread career brought him all around the world and made him a true icon in fashion photography, working for brands like Vogue, Life and Harper’s Bazaar, always holding on to his experimental character and eye for art.
When colour photography was introduced Blumenfeld personally transformed all his black and white original compositions into colour, which are the photographs that are now being exhibited in the FOAM museum of photography. Must see!
FOAM | 10:00-18:00 | Amsterdam | 5-7 April
Free access for We Are Public members
. @foam_amsterdam #wearepublic#wearepublicamsterdam#foam_amsterdam #erwinblumenfeld#vogue#foam
5612 April, 2019
Even though different with our last posting: Javanese Court Officals in the Rijksmuseum.
Nowadays we only see the talawang (shield) used as a complement to the rituel dance on Kalimantan (Borneo). In the eighties I made a long trip - by boat along the rivers of Kalimantan - searching for my image - looke a like - from the past. (photo 5). These three talawangs on our 1930th photo (1,2,3,4) were used by the Dayak people for attack and self protection. Talawangs are still made of strong and lightweight wood.
The three shields have a completely unconventional asymmetric hexagonal form with a length of one meter and a width of half a meter. Indeed, to cover human chest from enemy attack with a lance - clearly on our photo - or mandau in the many fights in the jungle wars and during the ‘sneltochten’ (expeditions from Dayak headhunters). More ‘Mooi Indië’ photo’s in the Rijksmuseum Amsterdam https://www.rijksmuseum.nl/en/whats-on/exhibitions-now-on-view/everyone-a-photographer
1. Three Dayak warriors.
3. One warrior.
5. Photo - right - from the book ‘Ons Mooi Indie’. 1925. Prof. Dr. Kleiweg de Zwaan.
6. Kalimantan, village in the 1980th : photo roosmec.
Cornelis Johannes Weers (1891-1972) was a Dutch photographer. He was active on Java (1924-1932). In Batavia and in Yogyakarta in a studio but also in the kraton of Yogyakarta.
A rather rare photo taken by Weers. The pavilion, built of teak with a marble floor, combines Hindu, Buddhist and Moslem motifs in its decoration, but the overall impression is Javanese.
Eight serimpi dancers in pendopo pavilion within the kraton the 18th-century home of the Hamengku Buwono sultans. (Photo 1). Islamic rulers whose royal power was stripped from them only in the 1950's. The family still plays a democratic political role in Indonesia, and still lives in the Kraton.
Along with the bedhaya, serimpi epitomized the elegance (alus) character of the royal Javanese court. See also our photo: serimpi Solo. The dance became a symbol of the sultans power as well as the refinement of Javanese culture.
Serimpi on our photo - about 1930 - demonstrate soft and slow movements and a highly stylized hands positions, stances and body poses with graceful movement to describes modesty, refinement, beauty and grace. The young girls dancers moves slowly accompanied with serene gamelan music. On an ice cold marble floor.
2. Sultan Hamengkoe Boewono VIII
3. HBVIII, Governor Bijleveld and wife
4. Serimpi dancers.
7. Idem, royals and European visitors.
8. Royals of Yogyakarta and European visitors
10. Serimpi Solo