RED CLOVER (Trifolium pratense) - Edible and medicinal member of the pea and bean family Fabaceae.
Clovers are a very common plant that most people know about, we have all heard that it's good luck to find a 4 leaf clover, and those do really exist by the way!
Clover leaf has a taste that's exactly the same as pea shoots and it can be added to salads and stir fries and the flowers are also completely edible, they can be used in salads too or you can make a tincture or tea from dried red clover flowers.
Red clover has been claimed to be effective at treating hormonally driven cancers, its used for preventing cancer from occurring, indigestion, whooping cough, cough, asthma, bronchitis, STDs, breast pain and hot flashes.
Red clover is a rich source of isoflavones which are good for preventing age related diseases, osteoporosis and loss of cognitive function.
Red clover is commonly affected with a fungus called Rhizoctonia leguminicola also known as black patch disease which can be pretty bad for horses and it can cause slobber, abortion, excessive salivation, eye discharge and reduced milk production, if you have horses then you might want to consider checking their grazing area for red clover.
It's now 59 days until most peoples favourite season, summer!! Summer is the time of year where most flowers begin to bloom, the more you become interested in plants and flowers the more you will love summer!!!! Most of the plants that I'm aware of start to flower around June and July right at the start of the season.
In summer there are so many plants that come out of dormancy and pop up everywhere, for foragers it's an amazing time of year because of the amount of species growing for us to discover. In winter I have a hard time finding plants that I know nothing about but in summer I'm surrounded by unknown plants all the time! Watch nature carefully now and see how new species are popping up every day as we build up to summer, its quite amazing.
WOODLAND FORGET ME NOT (Myosotis sylvatica) - Ornamental member of this Boraginaceae family.
The reason I say this is an ornamental plant is because there hasn't been enough research done on this plant for me to say its edible, many members of the forget me not family contain toxic alkaloids so there's a high chance this plant could too.
You can find this flower in ancient and wet woodlands and sometimes in hedgerows and verges as escapes from garden varieties.
Dando continuidade aos posts micotoxinas, hoje eu escolhi a FUMONISINA
Fumonisina: produzida por alguns fungos como por exemplo Fusarium verticillioides e Fusarium proliferatum
Mais encontrada em regiões temperadas
Contaminam principalmente: aveia, trigo e cevada
A ingestão dessa toxina pode causar imunossupressão, além de ser mutagenica e carcinogenico.
Em porcos: edema pulmonar e necrose hepática
Em cavalos: Leucoencefalomalacia, inapetencia, depressão, falta de coordenação e paralisia
Continuing the posts mycotoxins, today I chose FUMONISIN
Fumonisin: produced by some fungi like Fusarium verticillioides and Fusarium proliferatum
It is more common in temperate regions
Mainly contaminates: oats, wheat and barley
This toxin ingestion may cause immunosuppression, besides being mutagenic and carcinogenic.
In pigs: pulmonary edema
In horses: leukoencephalomalacia, inappetence, depression, incoordination and paralysis
Dando continuidad a los posts sobre micotoxinas, hoy elegí la FUMONISINA
Fumonisina : producida por algunos hongos como, por ejemplo, Fusarium verticillioides y Fusarium proliferatum
Más comúnmente encontrado en regiones templadas
avena, trigo y cebada
La ingestión de esta toxina puede causar inmunosupresión, además de ser mutagenica y carcinogénica.
CURLY DOCK (Rumex crispus) - Edible and medicinal plant in the Polygonaceae family.
This plant is a very common edible in the UK, however there's a few things you should know before you try it.
Firstly there is a lookalike for this plant which isn't poisonous at all, edible in fact but very bitter, its known as "Bitter Dock" and you can quite easily differentiate curly Dock from bitter Dock because curly Dock has lots of crinkles or folds around the edge of the leaf. The leafs of Curly Dock are also not as wide as bitter Dock leaves and you will also know when you taste it if its bitter Dock or not.
Secondly this plant contains oxalic acid just like sorrel and spinach and this means you should cook this plant before consuming it in higher amounts, if eating raw then only eat a small amount, just as you would with sorrel. The young leaves have a great flavour which is similar to apples and spinach, but when you eat the huge old leaves they will be very bitter and dry your mouth up, this is due to their astringent effects.
This plant could possibly be confused with edible burdock if you really weren't looking properly but I'd consider this a safe plant to forage for in the UK.
Curly Dock is used for pain and inflammation of the respiratory tract, its also used as a laxative and tonic and it can treat intestinal infections, fungal infections and arthritis.
GREEN ALKANET (Pentaglottis sempervirens) - Non edible wildflower in the Borage and Forget me not family, Boraginaceae.
Some sources say the small blue flowers of this plant are edible but I don't eat them because they contain Triangularine and Dihydrotriangularine which are pyrrolizidine alkaloids, many of these alkaloids are known to cause cancers and liver failure so I like to stay away from any types of pyrrolizine alkaloids I come across.
The small flowers of this plant look a lot like forget me nots, this is because they are closely related and plants tend to produce similar flowers to all other members of their plant family.
This plant is native to the UK and it can be found in hedgerows, waysides and the edges of woodlands. It also frequently escapes into gardens.
“Deadly Fungal 'Superbug' Spreads Worldwide, Alarming Scientists”
The fungus, called Candida auris, is a yeast that normally lives harmlessly on the skin and mucous membranes, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). According to The New York Times, a drug-resistant form of the fungus has popped up across the globe, including in England, Spain, India, Venezuela and the United States.
The CDC first issued an alert about drug-resistant C. auris in 2016 and today describes it as a "serious threat." The yeast, according to that alert, was first discovered in 2009 from the ear discharge of a patient in Japan, though a retrospective study of old medical samples found one infection dating back to 1996 in South Korea.
What makes the infection even more alarming is that the fungus persists on surfaces and has been documented spreading from person to person within hospitals and clinics. Half of residents tested at some nursing homes in the Chicago area were positive for C. auris, the Times reported. So far, the CDC has received 587 reports of cases in the United States.
C. auris infections are most deadly for those who already have compromised immune systems, including the elderly and the very young. The infection typically spreads within health care settings, often affecting those who are already in precarious health. The initial symptoms are fever, aches and fatigue, and the disease can be fatal, particularly if the yeast spreads to the blood, brain or heart.
The strains of drug-resistant C. auris are genetically distinct on different continents, suggesting that the drug resistance is evolving separately but simultaneously worldwide. It's unclear what is causing this rise in these fungal "superbugs," but one theory is that widespread fungicide use on crops is prompting C. auris to evolve resistance.
📸 by @gettyimages 📰 by @live_science #superbug#fungus#gettyimages#livescience#drugresistant#virus#disease#diseases#diseaseprevention#scary#deadly#unitedstates#england#england 🇬🇧 #spain#spain 🇪🇸 #venezuela#india#science#scientist#cdc#fungal#infection#infected#japan#korea#sick 😷 #sickness
48220 April, 2019
Is it lightning? Is it some deep ocean creature? It’s #fungal#hyphae under a #microscope . At this point it seems like I have a thing for fungus. It’s just pretty ok
18120 April, 2019
Hoje é o dia do Micologista!!!
Today is Mycologist’s Day !!!
O dia do micologista é comemorado no Dia 20 de Abril, em homenagem ao grande micologista e botânico Ítalo-argentino Carlos Luis Spegazzini que nasceu no dia 20 de Abril de 1858, ele foi responsável por coletar e realizar a descrição de inúmeras espécies de fungos, sendo considerado por muitos o Pai da Micologia. Foto: Google imagens